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MOP065 Upgrade of the S-DALINAC Injector Capture Section cavity, linac, MMI, gun 227
 
  • S. Weih, M. Arnold, J. Enders, N. Pietralla
    TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
  • D.B. Bazyl, H. De Gersem, W.F.O. Müller
    TEMF, TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  Funding: Work supported by DFG through GRK 2128 "AccelencE"
The superconducting injector section of the S-DALINAC (superconducting Darmstadt linear electron accelerator) [1] constists of two cryomodules with three 3-GHz SRF cavities in total. The first cavity of this pre-accelerator is currently a 5-cell structure designed for relativistic particle velocities. Since the gun delivers a 250 keV beam (β=0.74), this cavity is not suited for an efficient capture of the low-energy electron bunches provided by the normal-conducting section of the injector. Beam dynamics simulations and operational experience have shown a large low-energy tail in the phase-space distribution of the bunch downstream of the injector, which arises from the large phase-slippage during the capture in the 5-cell. It is therefore intended to replace the cavity with a beta-adapted 6-cell, re-using most of the cryostat parts. This contribution presents the status of the injector upgrade and the layout and manufacturing status of the new cavity.
*N. Pietralla, Nuclear Physics News, Vol. 28, No. 2, 4 (2018)
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-MOP065  
About • paper received ※ 21 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 02 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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MOP083 R&D of Copper Electroplating Process for Power Couplers: Effect of Microstructures on RRR SRF, experiment, electron, ECR 278
 
  • Y. Okii, J. Taguchi
    Nomura Plating Co, Ltd., Osaka, Japan
  • E. Kako, S. Michizono, Y. Yamamoto
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • H. Takahashi, H. Yasutake
    CETD, Tochigi, Japan
 
  Power couplers for superconducting cavities are required to have both low-thermal conductivity and high-electrical conductivity, because high-thermal conductivity and low-electrical conductivity could generate unexpected increase for heat load. In order to combine these contrary properties, power couplers are made of stainless steel and plated with copper plating. As electrical conductivity of copper layer affects dynamic heat load, it is crucial to optimize plating processes. In this study, we investigated influences of plating parameters (i.e., thickness of copper layer, plating bath composition, bath temperature, heat-treatment conditions) on RRR by collaborative work among Nomura plating, CETD, and KEK. As a result, we obtained high-RRR samples with conditions noted below; (1) electroformed copper plate, (2) copper layer thickness of over 50 µm, and (3) heat-treatment at 200deg-1h, (4) other plating bath composition. In addition, we observed microstructures of several samples, then found that microstructures of copper layer are strongly related to RRR. In this paper, we will present the recent results for this investigation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-MOP083  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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MOP102 Alignment Monitoring System for the PIP-II Prototype SSR1 Cryomodule alignment, cryomodule, solenoid, survey 332
 
  • S. Cheban, D. Passarelli, S.Z. Zorzetti
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • G. Kautzmann
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
 
  For the first prototype PIP-II SSR1 cryomodule, an alignment monitor system based on HBCAM will be used. The main focus will be changes in alignment due to shipping and handling or during cool down and operation process. The SSR1 cryomodule contains eight 325 MHz superconducting single spoke cavities and four solenoid’based focusing lenses, and an alignment error better than 0.5 mm RMS for the transverse solenoid, based on function requirement specification. The alignment monitor system has been configured to the objectives of SSR1 cryomodule: low space for integration; presence of magnetic fields; exposure to non-standard environmental conditions such as high vacuum and cryogenic temperatures. The mechanical design and first results of system performance will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-MOP102  
About • paper received ※ 28 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUFUB8 CVD Coated Copper Substrate SRF Cavity Research at Cornell University cavity, SRF, niobium, interface 381
 
  • M. Ge, T. Gruber, J.J. Kaufman, M. Liepe, J.T. Maniscalco, T.E. Oseroff, R.D. Porter, Z. Sun
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • V.M. Arrieta, S.R. McNeal
    Ultramet, Pacoima, California, USA
 
  Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is a promising alternative to conventional sputter techniques for coating copper substrate cavities with high-quality superconducting films. Through multiple SRF-related DOE SBIR projects, Ultramet has developed CVD processes and CVD reactor designs for SRF cavities, and Cornell University has conducted extensive RF testing of CVD coated surfaces. Here we report results from thin-film CVD Nb3Sn coated copper test plates, and for thick-film CVD niobium on copper including full-scale single cell 1.3 GHz copper substrate cavities. Detailed optical inspection and surface characterization show high-quality and well-adhered coatings. No copper contamination is found. The Nb3Sn coated plates have a uniform Nb3Sn coating with a slightly low tin concentration (19 -22%), but a BCS resistance well in agreement with predictions. The CVD Nb coatings on copper plates demonstrate excellent adhesion characteristics and exceeded surface fields of 50 mT without showing signs of a strong Q-slope that is frequently observed in sputtered Nb cavities. Multiple single-cell 1.3 GHz copper cavities have been coated to date at Ultramet, and results from RF testing of these are presented and discussed.  
slides icon Slides TUFUB8 [12.488 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUFUB8  
About • paper received ※ 01 July 2019       paper accepted ※ 05 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUP022 Fermilab EP Facility Improvement cavity, niobium, controls, SRF 453
 
  • F. Furuta, D.J. Bice, A.C. Crawford, T.J. Ring
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Electro-chemical Polishing (EP) is one of the key technologies of surface treatments for niobium superconducting cavities. We have established a single-cell scale horizontal electro-polishing facility at Fermilab and routinely processed the niobium cavities with the frequencies of 1.3 GHz to 3.9 GHz. The precise control of EP parameters, especially the temperatures of cavity outside wall, allows the uniform removal over the cell with the variation of ±15%. Here we report the details of our EP process and recent improvements on our EP facility at Fermilab.  
poster icon Poster TUP022 [1.711 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUP022  
About • paper received ※ 10 July 2019       paper accepted ※ 17 August 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUP075 New Progress for Nb Sputtered 325 MHz QWR Cavities in IMP cavity, experiment, SRF, niobium 621
 
  • F. Pan, H. Guo, Y. He, T.C. Jiang, C.L. Li, M. Lu, T. Tan
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
 
  Comparing with bulk niobium cavities, the Nb/Cu cavities feature a much better stability at 4.5 K. Last year, two 325 MHz QWR copper cavities coated with biased DC diode sputterred Nb for CiADS has been accomplished at IMP. But vertical tests showed the cavities had low Q0 at 4 K. To solve the issue, a new coating system was designed and built. The sputtering target was redesigned and manufactured. The coating parameters were selected again and auxiliary heating was used to control the coating temperature in the process of sputtering. The power and Ar pressure during coating were also carefully selected. The paper covers resulting film characters, vertical tests with the evolution of the sputtering process, and improvements we made since last year.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUP075  
About • paper received ※ 22 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 14 August 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUP077 Nb3Sn Thin Film Coating Method for Superconducting Multilayered Structure site, SRF, cavity, experiment 628
 
  • R. Ito, T. Nagata
    ULVAC, Inc, Chiba, Japan
  • H. Hayano, R. Katayama, T. Kubo, T. Saeki
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • H. Ito
    Sokendai, Ibaraki, Japan
  • Y. Iwashita
    Kyoto ICR, Uji, Kyoto, Japan
 
  S-I-S (superconductor-insulator-superconductor) multilayered structure has been proposed in order to increase the maximum acceleration gradient of SRF cavities. Nb3Sn is the material most expected as a superconducting layer of the S-I-S multilayered structure because it offers both a large critical temperature and large predicted Hsh. Most important in fabricating Nb3Sn thin films is the stoichiometry of the material produced, and the lack of tin leads to performance degradation. We have launched a new in-house DC magnetron sputtering apparatus for Nb3Sn deposition. Nb and Sn layers were alternately and repeatedly deposited on Si wafer while adjusting the film thickness of each layer, so we successfully obtained Nb-Sn films having appropriate composition ratio. The as-deposited films were annealed under the temperature of 600 degree C for 1 hour to generate the Nb3Sn phase. The characteristics of Nb-Sn films evaluated by XRD, XRF, FE-SEM, and so on. We also measured critical temperature of the annealed films. In this paper, the detail of the Nb3Sn coating method and the measurement result of the Nb-Sn films will be reported.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUP077  
About • paper received ※ 02 July 2019       paper accepted ※ 03 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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THP011 Niobium Semiproducts for the Superconducting Strands and SRF Cavities in Russia niobium, ECR, SRF, cavity 857
 
  • M.V. Alekseev, I.M. Abdyukhanov, V.A. Drobyshev, M.V. Kravtsova, M.V. Krylova, P.A. Lykianov, K.A. Mareev, V.I. Pantsyrny, M.V. Polikarpova, M.M. Potapenko, A.G. Silaev, A.S. Tsapleva
    SC A A Bochvar High-Technology Research Institute of Inorganic Materials, Moscow, Russia
  • M.Y. Shlyakhov, S.M. Zernov
    JSC - TVEL, Moscow, Russia
 
  The melting regimes of the niobium ingots with high chemical purity and low hardness for the Nb3Sn, NbTi and other superconducting materials manufacture have been developed at SC "VNIINM". Using this niobium material and by the SC "VNIINM" manufacture regimes at the SC "Chepetsky Mechanical Plant" 220 tons of Nb3Sn and NbTi strands for ITER and 12 km of Nb3Sn strands for HL-LHC (CERN) with the required characteristics have been successfully produced. The review of the characteristics of the different semiproducts (sheets, tubes, rods), made in Russia from the special grade niobium, and of the superconducting strands, manufactured with the use of them, is presented in the paper. The ways of the further improvement of the niobium ingots melting regimes and niobium sheets deformation and annealing regimes with the target of achieving RRR > 300 for the SRF cavities application are discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-THP011  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 04 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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FRCAB4 Development of High Intensity, High Brightness, CW SRF Gun with Bi-Alkali Photocathode cathode, gun, SRF, cavity 1219
 
  • T. Konomi, Y. Honda, E. Kako, Y. Kobayashi, S. Michizono, T. Miyajima, H. Sakai, K. Umemori, S. Yamaguchi
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Superconducting conduction electron guns can realize high acceleration voltage and high beam repetition. KEK has been developing the 1.3 GHz elliptical type 1.5 cell superconducting RF gun to investigate fundamental performance. The surface cleaning methods and tools were developed by using KEK SRF gun cavity #1 and surface peak electric field reached to 75 MV/m without field emission. We will apply this technique to the SRF gun cavity #2 for beam operation. The gun cavity #2 equips the helium jacket, frequency tuner cathode position adjuster to operate the electron beam. The RF structure was designed based on the gun cavity #1. The cathode rod is made of Nb. The photocathode deposited on the cathode rod will be cool down to 2K to minimize thermal emittance. The fabrication of the gun cavity #2 and helium jacket were completed. 4 times vertical tests were carried out. We will report the vertical test results and preparation of the horizontal test.  
slides icon Slides FRCAB4 [10.826 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-FRCAB4  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 03 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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