Keyword: superconductivity
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MOP007 400 MHz Seamless Copper Cavity in the Framework of FCC Study cavity, ISOL, framework, status 36
 
  • O. Azzolini, G. Keppel, C. Pira
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro (PD), Italy
 
  In the framework of the FCC study the production of 400 MHz copper cavities is one of the key challenges for the development of more efficient superconducting RF cavities. Any progress on substrate manufacturing and preparation will have an immediate impact on the final RF performance, as it was demonstrated by the seamless cavities produced for the HIE-ISOLDE project. Spinning is a potential alternative to conventional production methods of copper single and multi-cells. In this work is presented the first 400 MHz copper SRF cavity prototype produced via Spinning at Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro of INFN. The production process is explained starting from a copper foil of 1000 mm diameter and 4mm thick to arrive to a seamless 400 MHz cavity. Moreover, the metrology of the cavity and the analysis of the influence of intermediate thermal treatments among each steps of cold work are shown.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-MOP007  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 02 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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MOP013 Reducing Surface Roughness of Nb3Sn Through Chemical Polishing Treatments cavity, niobium, controls, SRF 48
 
  • H. Hu, M. Liepe, R.D. Porter
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
 
  Niobium-3 tin (Nb3Sn) is a promising alternative material for SRF cavities, with theoretical limits for critical temperatures and superheating fields reaching twice that of conventional Nb cavities. However, currently achievable accelerating gradients in Nb3Sn cavities are much lower than their theoretical limit. One limitation to the maximum accelerating gradient is surface magnetic field enhancement caused by the surface roughness of Nb3Sn. However, there are currently no standard techniques used to reduce Nb3Sn surface roughness. Since Nb3Sn is only 2-3 microns thick, it is difficult to selectively polish Nb3Sn without removing the entire layer. Here, we investigate reducing the surface roughness of Nb3Sn through applying chemical polishing treatments, including modified versions of standard techniques such as Buffered Chemical Polishing (BCP) and Electropolishing (EP). Through data acquired from Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) scans, SEM scans, and SEM-EDS analysis, we show the effects of these chemical treatments in reducing surface roughness and consider the changes in the chemical composition of Nb3Sn that may occur through the etching process. We find that BCP with a 1:1:8 solution is ineffective while EP halves the surface roughness of Nb3Sn.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-MOP013  
About • paper received ※ 01 July 2019       paper accepted ※ 04 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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MOP025 Cavity Cut-out Studies of a 1.3 GHz Single-cell Cavity After a Failed Nitrogen Infusion Process cavity, niobium, SRF, electron 87
 
  • M. Wenskat, C. Bate, T.F. Keller, D. Reschke
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • C. Bate
    University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
  • A. Jeromin
    DESY Nanolab, FS-NL, Hamburg, Germany
  • J. Knobloch, F. Kramer, O. Kugeler, J.M. Köszegi
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  • J. Knobloch
    University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
 
  Funding: This work was supported by the Helmholtz Association within the topic Accelerator Research and Development (ARD) of the Matter and Technologies (MT) Program and by the BMBF under the research grant 05H18GURB1.
R&D on the nitrogen infusion process at DESY produced at the beginning a series of 1.3 GHz single-cell cavities which have shown severe deterioration in the vertical cold test which was completely unexpected and could not be explained. To investigate the reason for the deterioration, one of those cavities was optically inspected and a T- and H-Map test was done in collaboration with HZB. Together with 2nd Sound data, regions of interests were identified and cut from the cavity. Subsequent surface analysis techniques (SEM/EDX, SIMS, PIXE, EBSD, DB-PAS, PALS, XPS) were applied in order to identify the reason for the deterioration. Especially the differences between hot and cold spots as well as quench spots identified by T-Mapping were investigated.
 
poster icon Poster MOP025 [0.975 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-MOP025  
About • paper received ※ 20 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 29 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUFUB5 Effects of Static Magnetic Fields on a Low-frequency TEM Class Superconducting Cavity cavity, niobium, shielding, SRF 370
 
  • M.K. Ng, Z.A. Conway, M.P. Kelly, K.W. Shepard
    ANL, Lemont, Illinois, USA
 
  Systematic studies on the effect of magnetic fields on a 330 MHz superconducting (TEM-mode) half-wave cavity are presented. The practical application of the results is for a possible future 2 K operation in the ATLAS heavy-ion accelerator at Argonne. The low frequency and the integral stainless steel jacket, rather than titanium, provide important new data for this full production model low-beta cavity. The studies include multi-axial magnetic field measurements near the cavity surface due to ambient and applied fields. Cavity performance under different conditions is measured at temperatures ranging between 1.6 K and 4.5 K. A residual resistance of approximately 5-7 nΩ at 1.6 K is observed. Data suggest that an appreciable fraction arises from losses that are not due to flux trapping.  
slides icon Slides TUFUB5 [1.195 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUFUB5  
About • paper received ※ 24 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 14 August 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUP007 Electromagnetic Design of the Prototype Spoke Cavity for the JAEA-ADS Linac cavity, linac, SRF, proton 399
 
  • J. Tamura, K. Hasegawa, Y. Kondo, F.M. Maekawa, S.I. Meigo, B. Yee-Rendón
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
  • E. Kako, T. Konomi, H. Sakai, K. Umemori
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is proposing an accelerator-driven subcritical system (ADS) as a future project to transmute long-lived nuclides to short-lived or stable ones. In the JAEA-ADS, a high-power proton beam of 30 MW with a final beam energy of 1.5 GeV is required with a high reliability. Furthermore, the accelerator needs to be operated in a continuous wave mode in order to be compatible with the reactor operation. As the first step toward the detailed design of the JAEA-ADS linac, we are planning to demonstrate a high-field measurement by prototyping a low-beta single spoke resonator (SSR1). We performed the electromagnetic design, and confirmed that the cavity performances of the SSR1 model with and without dimensional constraint.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUP007  
About • paper received ※ 02 July 2019       paper accepted ※ 04 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUP026 Vibro-tumbling as an Alternative to Standard Mechanical Polishing Techniques for SRF Cavities cavity, experiment, SRF, framework 464
 
  • E. Chyhyrynets, O. Azzolini, V.A. Garcia, G. Keppel, C. Pira, F. Stivanello, L. Zanotto
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro (PD), Italy
 
  Funding: Work supported by the INFN V group experiment TEFEN, Agreement N. KE2722/BE/FCC and from the European Union’s H2020 Framework Programme under grant agreement no. 764879 (EASITrain)
Centrifugal Barrel Polishing (CBP) is a common tool in the Nb bulk SC cavities production, prior to elec-tropolishing (EP). Indeed, the mechanical polishing is fun-damental also in the superconducting thin film resonant cavities in which one of the main issues that limits the per-formances is the surface preparation. A promising vi-bro-tumbling technique is being studied and implemented with a possibility to replace or improve mechanical treat-ment steps (grinding, barrel polishing). The simplic-ity of the technology allows it to adapt to any cavity geom-etry, both for Nb and Cu materials. The presented work contains last results on 6 GHz cavities obtained at LNL-INFN, both Nb bulk and Cu cavities.
 
poster icon Poster TUP026 [5.584 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUP026  
About • paper received ※ 21 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUP043 Ab-initio Study of Atomic Scale Interaction Among Nb, Sn, Cl, and O niobium, cavity, electron, SRF 518
 
  • A.B. Tesfamichael, T. Arias
    Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
 
  Funding: Center for Bright Beam (CBB)
We employed a combination of ab-initio calculations and statistical mechanical models to understand the nature of atomic scale interaction among Nb, Sn, Cl, and O. Because of the profound nature of the interaction, we began our study by focusing only on the interaction of Nb with Sn in the absence of Cl and O. Using Density Functional Theory (DFT) we calculated: (1), binding energy of both vacant and interstitial of the super cell for both Nb and Sn atoms (2), rate of diffusion and re-evaporation upon transportation of Sn atom across z-axis from bulk Nb layer (3), electron transfer and electric field upon transportation of Sn atom both across z-axis and xy-plane from bulk Nb layer. Our calculation indicated 30-40% difference from experimental results. Therefore, we conclude that the presence of oxides is important and also Cl impurity can not not be avoided.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUP043  
About • paper received ※ 24 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 04 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUP057 Study of Flux Trapping Variability between Batches of Tokyo Denkai Niobium used for the LCLS-II Project and Subsequent 9-cell RF Loss Distribution between the Batches cavity, niobium, SRF, FEL 570
 
  • A.D. Palczewski
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • D. Gonnella
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • O.S. Melnychuk, D.A. Sergatskov
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: Authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U.S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177.
During the LCLS-II project a second batch of niobium was procured from Tokyo Denkai Co Ltd in order to make additional cavities. The original production material came from Two vendors Tokyo Denkai Co., Ltd. (TD) and Ningxia Orient Tantalum Industry Co., Ltd. (OTIC/NX)). It was found TD niobium required a lower annealing temperature (900°C) to obtain satisfactory flux expulsion characteristics compared to NX which required a slightly higher annealing temperature (950°-975°C). In order to ensure the new TD material performed equivalent to the niobium produced 4 year before after 900°C annealing; each heat lot of niobium had its flux expulsion characteristics parametrized and custom thermal treatments developed for each lot. Subsequent pure heat lot 9 cell cavities were made and tested. We will look at the flux expulsion characteristics of each lot, and RF loss of the 9-cell cavities produced using the individual heat lots.
 
poster icon Poster TUP057 [1.446 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUP057  
About • paper received ※ 25 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUP099 Particulate Sampling and Analysis During Refurbishment of Prototype European XFEL Cryomodule cavity, FEL, SRF, cryomodule 701
 
  • N. Krupka, C. Bate, D. Reschke, S. Saegebarth, M. Schalwat, P. Schilling, S. Sievers
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Funding: This work was supported by the Helmholtz Association within the topic Accelerator Research and Development (ARD) of the Matter and Tech-nologies (MT) Program.
The cryomodule PXFEL31 is one of three prototype cryomodules for the European XFEL. In preparation of the series module assembly it was used for the qualification of infrastructure and personnel at CEA Saclay. After transport and tests at DESY the cryomodule was stored for several years. Last year we decided to refurbish this module with new cavities for the installation in the FLASH accelerator. During the disassembly of the cavity string in the clean room at DESY we took several particulate samples for analysis. Optical and laser optical microscopy give us an insight on the quantity and type of the particulates. We expect to get hints where the particulates come from and how they are transported through the cavity string during transport and operation.
 
poster icon Poster TUP099 [2.599 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUP099  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 03 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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THFUB1 Nb3Sn at Fermilab: Exploring Performance cavity, SRF, multipactoring, niobium 818
 
  • S. Posen, J. Lee, O.S. Melnychuk, Y.M. Pischalnikov, D.A. Sergatskov, B. Tennis
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • J. Lee, D.N. Seidman
    NU, Evanston, Illinois, USA
 
  Fermilab’s Nb3Sn coating program produced its first 1.3 GHz single cell cavities in early 2017 and since then has explored the performance of Nb3Sn on a wide variety of cavity substrates and performed microscopic studies down to atomic resolution. Results to present in this talk include a study of frequency dependence from 650 MHz to 1.3 GHz of BCS resistance, residual resistance, and magnetic flux sensitivity. We show microscopic studies performed in collaboration with Northwestern University’s Materials Science and Engineering Department of limitation mechanisms in Nb3Sn, including thin film regions and tin segregation at grain boundaries, discussing correlations with RF performance and mechanisms for the formation of these features during growth. Finally, we present results of the first 1.3 GHz 9-cell cavity coated with Nb3Sn.  
slides icon Slides THFUB1 [27.194 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-THFUB1  
About • paper received ※ 29 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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THFUB2 Progress with Nb Hipims Films on 1.3 GHz Cu Cavities cavity, SRF, lattice, cathode 823
 
  • M.C. Burton, A.D. Palczewski, C.E. Reece, A-M. Valente-Feliciano
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: Authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U.S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177.
In recent years, efforts have been invested to leverage the different processes involved in energetic condensation to tailor Nb film growth in sequential steps. The resulting Nb/Cu films display high quality material properties and show promise of high RF performance. The lessons learned are now applied to 1.3 GHz Nb on Cu cavity deposition via high power impulse magnetron sputtering (HiPIMS). RF performance is measured at different temperatures. Particular attention is given to the effect of cooldown and sensitivity to external applied magnetic fields. The results are evaluated in light of the Nb film material and superconducting properties measured with various microscopy and magnetometry techniques in order to better understand the contributing factors to the residual and flux induced surface resistances. This contribution presents the insights gained in exploiting energetic condensation as a path towards RF Q-slope mitigation for Nb/Cu films, correlating film material characteristics with RF performance.
 
slides icon Slides THFUB2 [7.869 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-THFUB2  
About • paper received ※ 02 July 2019       paper accepted ※ 03 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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THP008 The Technical Study of Nb3Sn Film Deposition on Copper by HiPIMS SRF, niobium, cavity, electron 846
 
  • L. Xiao, X.Y. Lu, W.W. Tan, D. Xie, Y. Yang, L. Zhu
    PKU, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  Our work is mainly focused on the deposition methods of Nb3Sn films on Cu substrates and film‘s properties. The superconducting transition temperature(Tc) of Nb3Sn film is 12K. There are diffraction peaks of Nb3Sn in the X-ray diffraction patterns in which without diffraction peaks of copper compounds. Scanning electron micro-structures of Nb3Sn film reflect its nice compactness and binding force between film and substrate.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-THP008  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 01 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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THP014 First Direct Imaging and Profiling TOF-SIMS Studies on Cutouts from Cavities Prepared by State-of-the-Art Treatments cavity, niobium, SRF, GUI 866
 
  • A.S. Romanenko, A. Grassellino, M. Martinello, Y. Trenikhina
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • D. Bafia
    Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: This work has been authored by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359 with the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of High Energy Physics.
Small amounts of interstitial impurities in the penetra-tion depth of superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities have a dramatic effect on the quality factors and maximum accelerating gradients. Here we report the first TOF-SIMS studies of cutouts from cavities prepared by all modern surface treatments, which allow a direct corre-lation of the impurity distribution with the observed cavity performance. Imaging capability of our instrument allows to avoid the possible issues associated with the ‘‘ghost’’ depth profiles appearing as a consequence of particulate surface contamination, which likely caused the inconclusive SIMS results on e.g. oxygen diffusion in the past.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-THP014  
About • paper received ※ 02 July 2019       paper accepted ※ 04 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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THP020 Study of Dislocation Content Near Grain Boundaries using Electron Channeling Contrast Imaging and its Effect on Superconducting Properties of Niobium cavity, electron, SRF, niobium 876
 
  • M. Wang, T.R. Bieler
    Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
  • S. Balachandran, S. Chetri, P.J. Lee
    NHMFL, Tallahassee, Florida, USA
  • S. Chetri, A. Polyanskii
    ASC, Tallahassee, Florida, USA
  • C. Compton, C. Compton
    FRIB, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
  • C. Compton
    NSCL, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
 
  Funding: U.S. Department of Energy. National Science Foundation Cooperative Agreement No. DMR-1157490 (-2017) DMR-1644779 (2018-) and the State of Florida
Trapped micro-Tesla levels of magnetic flux degrade the performance of Nb superconducting radio frequency (SRF) accelerators. Recent studies have revisited the role of small deformation (dislocation substructure influence) on cavity performance. However, the link between microstructural defects and mechanisms leading to poor performance is still unresolved. To examine the mechanism of flux pinning by dislocations and grain boundaries, systematic studies on bi-crystal Nb tensile samples were designed with strategically chosen orientation relationships between neighboring crystals with respect to the grain boundaries. Laue X-ray diffraction and electron backscatter diffraction analysis was used to measure crystal orientations of a large-grain Nb slice, from which the bi-crystals were extracted. Dislocation structures near the grain boundaries were characterized before and after 5% tensile deformation using electron channeling contrast imaging (ECCI), after which the magnetic flux behavior was observed using cryogenic magneto-optical imaging (MOI). We discuss the conditions under which we observe increased flux pinning in regions of high dislocation density.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-THP020  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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