Keyword: MMI
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MOFAA2 Operation of the European XFEL Towards the Maximum Energy electron, FEL, cavity, operation 9
 
  • M. Omet, V. Ayvazyan, J. Branlard, S. Choroba, W. Decking, V.V. Katalev, D. Kostin, L. Lilje, P. Morozov, Y. Nachtigal, H. Schlarb, V. Vogel, N. Walker, B. Yildirim
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  After the initial commissioning of the available 25 radio frequency (RF) stations of the European XFEL (RF gun, A1, AH1 and stations A2 through A23) a maximum electron beam energy of 14.5 GeV was achieved, 3 GeV short of the design energy of 17.5 GeV. In order to tackle this problem, the Maximum Gradient Task Force (MGTF) was formed. In the scope of the work of the MGTF, RF stations A6 through A25 (linac L3) were systematically investigated and voltage-limiting factors of the SRF accelerating modules and their RF distribution system were identified and improved. As a result, the design electron beam energy was exceeded at 17.6 GeV on the 18.7.2018. Beside this an overview over the regular RF operation at the European XFEL is given.  
slides icon Slides MOFAA2 [5.695 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-MOFAA2  
About • paper received ※ 21 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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MOFAA3 The FRIB SC-Linac - Installation and Phased Commissioning cryomodule, cavity, linac, cryogenics 12
 
  • J. Wei, H. Ao, S. Beher, B. Bird, N.K. Bultman, F. Casagrande, D. Chabot, W. Chang, S. Cogan, C. Compton, J. Curtin, K.D. Davidson, E. Daykin, K. Elliott, A. Facco, A. Fila, V. Ganni, A. Ganshyn, P.E. Gibson, T. Glasmacher, I. Grender, W. Hartung, L. Hodges, K. Holland, H.-C. Hseuh, A. Hussain, M. Ikegami, S. Jones, T. Kanemura, S.H. Kim, P. Knudsen, M.G. Konrad, J. LeTourneau, Z. Li, S.M. Lidia, G. Machicoane, P. Manwiller, F. Marti, T. Maruta, E.S. Metzgar, S.J. Miller, D.G. Morris, C. Nguyen, K. Openlander, P.N. Ostroumov, A.S. Plastun, J.T. Popielarski, L. Popielarski, J. Priller, M.A. Reaume, H.T. Ren, T. Russo, K. Saito, M. Shuptar, J.W. Stetson, D.R. Victory, R. Walker, X. Wang, J.D. Wenstrom, M. Wright, M. Xu, T. Xu, Y. Yamazaki, Q. Zhao, S. Zhao
    FRIB, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
  • K. Dixon, M. Wiseman
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • A. Facco
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro (PD), Italy
  • K. Hosoyama
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • M.P. Kelly
    ANL, Lemont, Illinois, USA
  • R.E. Laxdal
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada
 
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science under Cooperative Agreement DE-SC0000661.
The Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) superconducting (SC) driver linac is designed to accelerate all stable ions including uranium to energies above 200 MeV/u primarily with 46 cryomodules containing 324 quarter-wave resonators (QWR) and half-wave (HWR) resonators. With the newly commissioned helium refrigeration system supplying liquid helium to the QWR and solenoids, heavy ion beams including Ne, Ar, Kr and Xe were accelerated to the charge stripper location above 20 MeV/u with the first linac segment consisting of 15 cryomodules containing 104 QWRs of β=0.041 and 0.085 and 39 solenoids. Installation of cryomodules with β=0.29 and 0.53 HWRs is proceeding in parallel. Development of β=0.65 elliptical resonators is on-going supporting the FRIB energy upgrade to 400 MeV/u. This paper summarizes the SC-linac installation and phased commissioning status that is on schedule and on budget to the FRIB project.
 
slides icon Slides MOFAA3 [46.571 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-MOFAA3  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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MOP054 Fabrication of 3.0-GHz Single-cell Cavities for Thin-film Study cavity, SRF, FEL, linac 177
 
  • T. Saeki, H. Hayano, H. Inoue, R. Katayama, T. Kubo
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • F.E. Hannon, R.A. Rimmer, A-M. Valente-Feliciano
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • H. Ito
    Sokendai, Ibaraki, Japan
  • Y. Iwashita, H. Tongu
    Kyoto ICR, Uji, Kyoto, Japan
 
  Funding: This work is supported by JSPS KAKENHI JP17H04839, JSPS KAKENHI JP26600142, Japan-US Research Collaboration Program, and the Collaborative Research Program of ICR Kyoto Univ. (2018-13).
We fabricated 3.0-GHz single-cell cavities with Cu and Nb materials for testing thin-film creations on the inner surface of the cavities in collaboration between Jefferson Laboratory (JLab) and KEK. The cavity was designed at JLab. According to the design of cavity, the press-forming dies and trimming fixtures for the cavity-cell were also designed and fabricated at JLab. These dies and trimming fixtures were transported to KEK, and the rest of fabrication processes were done at KEK. Finally nine Cu 3.0-GHz single-cell cavities and six Nb 3.0-GHz single-cell cavities were fabricated. Two Cu 3.0-GHz single-cell cavities were mechanically polished at Jlab. All of these cavities will be utilized for the tests of various thin-film creations at JLab and KEK. This presentation describes details of the fabrication of these cavities.
 
poster icon Poster MOP054 [1.203 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-MOP054  
About • paper received ※ 05 July 2019       paper accepted ※ 13 August 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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MOP065 Upgrade of the S-DALINAC Injector Capture Section cavity, linac, gun, target 227
 
  • S. Weih, M. Arnold, J. Enders, N. Pietralla
    TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
  • D.B. Bazyl, H. De Gersem, W.F.O. Müller
    TEMF, TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  Funding: Work supported by DFG through GRK 2128 "AccelencE"
The superconducting injector section of the S-DALINAC (superconducting Darmstadt linear electron accelerator) [1] constists of two cryomodules with three 3-GHz SRF cavities in total. The first cavity of this pre-accelerator is currently a 5-cell structure designed for relativistic particle velocities. Since the gun delivers a 250 keV beam (β=0.74), this cavity is not suited for an efficient capture of the low-energy electron bunches provided by the normal-conducting section of the injector. Beam dynamics simulations and operational experience have shown a large low-energy tail in the phase-space distribution of the bunch downstream of the injector, which arises from the large phase-slippage during the capture in the 5-cell. It is therefore intended to replace the cavity with a beta-adapted 6-cell, re-using most of the cryostat parts. This contribution presents the status of the injector upgrade and the layout and manufacturing status of the new cavity.
*N. Pietralla, Nuclear Physics News, Vol. 28, No. 2, 4 (2018)
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-MOP065  
About • paper received ※ 21 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 02 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUP019 Status of High Temperature Vacuum Heat Treatment Program at IPN Orsay cavity, SRF, niobium, vacuum 438
 
  • M. Fouaidy, F. Chatelet, V. Delpech, F. Galet, D. Le Dréan, D. Longuevergne, R. Martret, G. Olry, T. Pépin-Donat
    IPN, Orsay, France
  • M. Baudrier, P. Carbonnier, E. Fayette, X. Hanus, Th. Proslier, D. Roudier, P. Sahuquet, C. Servouin
    CEA-DRF-IRFU, France
  • E. Cenni, L. Maurice
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
 
  In the framework of ESS, a vacuum furnace dedicated to High Temperature Heat Treatment under Vacuum (VH2T2) of SRF bulk Nb cavities was developed and commissioned in May 2016. This furnace is currently used for interstitial hydrogen removal (10h00 @ 650 °C) of two type of cavities: 1) the whole series of 26 ESS 352 MHz spoke resonators equipped with their Ti LHe tank well, 2) some prototypes of ESS high beta and medium beta cavities. Up to know IPN Orsay VH2T2 (10h00 @ 650 °C) was successfully applied to more than 16 cavities. In this paper we will first report about these VH2T2 tests. Finally, we have just started testing nitrogen infusion and nitrogen doping processes on samples and 1.3 GHz cavities: the preliminary results will be discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUP019  
About • paper received ※ 03 July 2019       paper accepted ※ 04 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUP068 Study of Surface Treatment of 1.3 GHz Single-cell Copper Cavity for Niobium Sputtering cavity, SRF, niobium, experiment 605
 
  • F.Y. Yang, J. Dai, P. He, Z.Q. Li, Y. Ma, P. Zhang
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  Funding: This work has been supported in part by PAPS project and National Key Programme for S&T Research and Development (Grant NO.: 2016YFA0400400)
A R&D program on niobium sputtering on copper cavities has started at IHEP in 2017. Single-cell 1.3 GHz copper cavity has been chosen as a substrate. A chemical polishing system has subsequently developed and commissioned recently to accommodate the etching of both copper samples and a cavity. Different polishing agents have been tested on copper samples and later characterized. The results of these surface treatment tests are presented.
 
poster icon Poster TUP068 [1.228 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUP068  
About • paper received ※ 20 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 03 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUP089 FRIB LS1 Cryomodule’s Solenoid Commissioning solenoid, cryomodule, controls, linac 671
 
  • M. Xu, H. Ao, B. Bird, R. Bliton, C. Compton, J. Curtin, L. Hodges, K. Holland, S.J. Miller, K. Saito, T. Xu, C. Zhang
    FRIB, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science under Cooperative Agreement DE-SC0000661 and the National Science Foundation under Cooperative Agreement PHY-1102511.
The Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) is a heavy ion accelerator that produces rare isotopes for science. To achieve the high beam quality of FRIB’s linear accelera-tor (linac), the superconducting solenoid packages are employed for beam focusing and steering in the cry-omodule. The solenoid packages will generate a maxi-mum 8T focusing field along beam direction and 0.124 T bending field for beam steering. A total 74 solenoid packages have been produced and the first segment linac (LS1) of FRIB have completed commissioning and beam acceleration. In this paper, the cryomodule’s solenoid commissioning and the performance of the LS1 linac are introduced. The lessons learned during the testing will also be presented.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUP089  
About • paper received ※ 24 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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THP027 Cryogenics Performance of the Vertical Cryostat for Qualifying ESS-SRF High Beta Cavities cavity, SRF, cryogenics, operation 895
 
  • S.M. Pattalwar, R.K. Buckley, P.C. Hornickel, K.J. Middleman, M.D. Pendleton, P. Pizzol, P.A. Smith, T.M. Weston, A.E. Wheelhouse, S. Wilde
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • A.J. May, A. Oates, J.T.G. Wilson
    STFC/DL, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
 
  An innovative vertical cryostat has been developed and commissioned at STFC Daresbury Laboratory for qualifying the high-beta SRF cavities for the ESS (European Spallation Source). The cryostat is designed to test 3 dressed cavities in horizontal configuration in one cold run at 2K. The cavities are cooled to 2K with superfluid liquid helium filled into individual helium jackets of the cavities. This reduces the liquid helium consumption by more than 70% in comparison with the conventional vertical tests. The paper describes the cryogenic system and its performance with detail discussions on the initial results.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-THP027  
About • paper received ※ 22 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 03 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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THP028 Superconducting RF Modules of TARLA cryomodule, electron, rf-amplifier, cavity 900
 
  • Ç. Kaya, Ö. Karslı, İ.B. Koç
    Ankara University, Accelerator Technologies Institute, Golbasi, Turkey
  • A. Aksoy, O.F. Elçim
    Ankara University Institute of Accelerator Technologies, Golbasi, Turkey
 
  The Turkish Accelerator and Radiation Laboratory (TARLA) is proposed as an accelerator-based radiation source facility to provide a research instrument for researchers from both Turkey and region. The facility is located at the Ankara University Institute of Accelerator Technologies and proposed as the first accelerator based research infrastructure in Turkey. The superconducting accelerator of TARLA is currently under commissioning and will drive two Free Electron Laser (FEL) lines in the mid- and far-infrared ranges and a high flux Bremsstrahlung radiation to 40 MeV electron beam in Continuous Wave (CW) mode. The SRF cryomodules have been delivered by industry in 2017. In this paper, we present the achieved vertical test results of the SRF cavities, the results of the high power RF test of the fundamental power couplers and the first test results of the integrated piezo tuner. After the successful commissioning of the cryogenic plant operating at 1.8 K with ±0.2 mbar pressure stability, the commissioning of the SRF cryomodules is now ongoing and the current status and results achieved so far are explained.  
poster icon Poster THP028 [1.996 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-THP028  
About • paper received ※ 28 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 02 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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THP031 Operation Experience with the LHC ACS RF System cavity, cryomodule, operation, injection 911
 
  • K. Turaj, L. Arnaudon, P. Baudrenghien, O. Brunner, A.C. Butterworth, F. Gerigk, M. Karppinen, P. Maesen, E. Montesinos, F. Peauger, G.J. Rosaz, E.N. Shaposhnikova, D. Smekens, M. Taborelli, M. Therasse, H. Timko, D. Valuch, N. Valverde Alonso, W. Venturini Delsolaro
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
 
  The LHC accelerating RF system consists of two cryomodules per beam, each containing four single-cell niobium sputtered 400.8 MHz superconducting cavities working at 4.5 K and an average accelerating voltage of 2 MV. The paper summarises the experience, availability and evolution of the system within 10 years of operation. The lessons learned from the successful replacement and re-commissioning of one cryomodule with a spare module, and the recent re-test of the originally installed module on the test stand are also included. Finally, a review of currently launched spare cavity production and long-term developments are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-THP031  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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THP034 The First Tests on Vertical Cryostat GERSEMI at FREIA Facility controls, cryogenics, operation, vacuum 921
 
  • J.P. Thermeau
    Laboratoire APC, Paris, France
  • K.J. Gajewski, L. Hermansson, R.J.M.Y. Ruber, R. Santiago Kern
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
  • T. Junquera, O. Kochebina
    Accelerators and Cryogenic Systems, Orsay, France
 
  A new vertical cryostat, called Gersemi, installed at FREIA Laboratory at Uppsala University, Sweden, is designed to test superconducting magnets and radio-frequency cavities and operates at temperatures between 1.8 K and 4.2 K. Two different inserts can be used to test different superconducting equipment: a helium saturated bath insert for cavities without a helium vessel and a λ-plate insert for magnet testing in superfluid helium pressurized bath. The cold vessel cryostat has an internal diameter of 1.1 m and a useful height of 3.5 m. A valve box supplies the cryostat with the cryogens (LN2, LHe, SHe) and is linked to a gas reheater. The last one is connected to a helium recovery circuit and to a helium pumping system (4.5 g/s at 16 mbar). The Gersemi vertical cryostat is a part of FREIA cryogenic facility which also contains a helium liquefier and a horizontal cryostat inside of a bunker allowing the test of superconducting cavity cryomodules. The first results of the cryogenic tests on this equipment are reported.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-THP034  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 04 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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THP049 Commissioning the JLab LERF Cryomodule Test Facility cryomodule, controls, cavity, LLRF 973
 
  • C. Hovater, R. Bachimanchi, E. Daly, M.A. Drury, L.E. Farrish, J. Gubeli, N.A. Huque, K. Jordan, M.E. Joyce, L.K. King, M. Marchlik, W. Moore, T.E. Plawski, A.D. Solopova, C.M. Wilson
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • A.L. Benwell, C. Bianchini, D. Gonnella, S.L. Hoobler, K.J. Mattison, J. Nelson, A. Ratti, B.H. Ripman, S. Saraf, L.M. Zacarias
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • L.R. Doolittle, S. Paiagua, C. Serrano
    LBNL, Berkeley, California, USA
 
  The JLab Low Energy Recirculating Facility, LERF, has been modified to support concurrent testing of two LCLS-II cryomodules. The cryomodules are installed in a similar fashion as they would be in the L1 section of the LCLS-II linac, including the floor slope and using all of the LCLS-II hardware and controls for cryomodule cryogenics, vacuum, and RF (SSA and LLRF). From the start, it was intended to use LCLS-II electronics and EPICS software controls for cryomodule testing. In affect the LERF test facility becomes the first opportunity to commission and operate the LCLS-II LINAC hardware and software controls. Support for specific cryomodule high level test applications like Q0 and HOMs measurements, are being developed from the basic cryomodule control suite. To support the testing, 2 K He is supplied from the CEBAF south linac cryogenic system, where care must be taken when using the LERF test facility to not upset the CEBAF cryogenics plant. This paper discusses the commissioning of the hardware and software development for testing the first two LCLS-II cryomodules.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-THP049  
About • paper received ※ 22 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 02 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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THP061 Performance of FRIB Production Quarter-Wave and Half-Wave Resonators in Dewar Certification Tests cavity, cryomodule, SRF, linac 1023
 
  • W. Hartung, S.H. Kim, D. Norton, J.T. Popielarski, K. Saito, J.F. Schwartz, C. Wei, T. Xu, C. Zhang
    FRIB, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
 
  The Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) is under construction at Michigan State University (MSU). The FRIB superconducting driver linac will accelerate ion beams to 200 MeV per nucleon. The driver linac requires 104 quarter-wave resonators (QWRs, β = 0.041 and 0.085) and 220 half-wave resonators (HWRs, β = 0.29 and 0.54). The jacketed resonators are Dewar tested at MSU before installation into cryomodules. The cryomodules for β = 0.041, 0.085, and 0.29 have been completed and certified; 88% of the β = 0.54 HWRs have been certified (as of March 2019). Beam commissioning of the QWR cryomodules is in progress. The Dewar certification tests have provided valuable statistics on the performance of production QWRs and HWRs at 4.3 K and 2 K and on performance limits. Results will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-THP061  
About • paper received ※ 12 July 2019       paper accepted ※ 13 August 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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THP091 Upgrade of the Fermilab Spoke Test Cryostat for Testing of PIP-II 650 MHz 5-Cell Elliptical Cavities cavity, vacuum, cryogenics, interface 1124
 
  • A.I. Sukhanov, S.K. Chandrasekaran, B.M. Hanna, T.H. Nicol, J.P. Ozelis, Y.M. Pischalnikov, D. Plant, O.V. Prokofiev, O.V. Pronitchev, V. Roger, W. Schappert, I. Terechkine, V.P. Yakovlev
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • C. Contreras-Martinez
    FRIB, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
 
  Design of the high beta 650 MHz prototype cryomodule for PIP-II is currently undergoing at Fermilab. The cryomodule includes six 5-cell elliptical SRF cavities with accelerating voltage up to 20 MV and low heat dissipation (Q0 > 3·10zEhNZeHn). Characterization of performance of fully integrated jacketed cavities with high power coupler and tuner is crucial for the project. Such a characterization of jacketed cavity requires a horizontal test cryostat. Existing horizontal testing facilities at Fermilab, Horizontal Test Stand (HTS) and Spoke Test Cryostat (STC), are not large enough to accommodate jacketed 650 MHz 5-cell cavity. An upgrade of the STC is proposed to install extension to the cryostat and modify cryogenic connections and RF infrastructure to provide testing of 650 MHz cavities. In this paper we describe STC upgrade and commissioning of the upgraded facility. We discuss mitigation of issues and problems specific for testing of high Q0 650 MHz cavities, which require low residual magnetic field and low acoustic and mechanical vibrations environment.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-THP091  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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FRCAA4 Progress in SRF CH-Cavities for the HELIAC CW Linac at GSI cavity, linac, heavy-ion, cryomodule 1206
 
  • M. Miski-Oglu, K. Aulenbacher, W.A. Barth, C. Burandt, F.D. Dziuba, V. Gettmann, T. Kürzeder, S. Lauber, J. List, S. Yaramyshev
    HIM, Mainz, Germany
  • K. Aulenbacher, W.A. Barth, C. Burandt, F.D. Dziuba, V. Gettmann, M. Heilmann, T. Kürzeder, S. Lauber, J. List, A. Rubin, A. Schnase, S. Yaramyshev
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • K. Aulenbacher, F.D. Dziuba, J. List
    KPH, Mainz, Germany
  • M. Basten, M. Busch, T. Conrad, H. Podlech, M. Schwarz
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  • S. Lauber
    IKP, Mainz, Germany
 
  The machine beam commissioning is a major milestone of the R&D for the superconducting heavy ion continuous wave linear accelerator HELIAC of Helmholtz Institute Mainz (HIM) and GSI developed in collaboration with IAP Goethe-University Frankfurt. During successful beam commissioning of the superconducting 15-gap Crossbar H-mode cavity at GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung heavy ions up to the design beam energy have been accelerated. The design acceleration gain of 3.5 MeV has been reached with full transmission for heavy ion beams of up to 1.5 particle mueA. We present fabrication experience and results of off-line and on-line cavity performance. The next step is the procurement and commissioning of so called ’Advanced Demonstrator’ - the first of series cryomodule for the entire accelerator HELIAC. Results of further Demonstrator beam tests, as well as the status of the Advanced demonstrator project will be reported.  
slides icon Slides FRCAA4 [9.864 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-FRCAA4  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 02 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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