Keyword: interface
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MOP060 INFN-LASA for the PIP-II Project cavity, niobium, SRF, linac 205
 
  • R. Paparella, M. Bertucci, A. Bignami, A. Bosotti, M. Chiodini, A. D’Ambros, P. Michelato, L. Monaco, D. Sertore
    INFN/LASA, Segrate (MI), Italy
  • J.F. Chen
    SARI-CAS, Pudong, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
  • C. Pagani
    Università degli Studi di Milano & INFN, Segrate, Italy
  • L. Sagliano
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
 
  INFN-LASA joined the international effort for the PIP-II project in Fermilab to build the 650 MHz superconducting cavities realizing the low-beta section of the 800 MeV proton linac. After developing the electro-magnetic and mechanical design, INFN-Milano started the prototyping phase by producing five single-cells and two complete 5-cells cavities. This paper reports the status of PIP-II activities at INFN-LASA summarizing manufacturing experience and preliminary experimental results.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-MOP060  
About • paper received ※ 24 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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MOP082 Measurement of the Vibration Response of the EXFEL RF Coupler and Comparison With Simulated Data (Finite Element Analyses) FEL, cryomodule, acceleration, resonance 273
 
  • S. Barbanotti, C. Engling, K. Jensch
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  The coupler is one of the main and most sensitive components of the European X-ray Free Electron Laser (EXFEL) superconducting cryomodule. More than 800 couplers were transported for more than 800 km assembled in a cryomodule during the assembly phase of the EXFEL without any visible damage. However, in a different project, a very similar coupler design showed a week point in one of the bellows when transported over a similar distance with a comparable transport set up. Therefore we decided to further study the coupler behaviour: we investigated the frequency response of the coupler on a vibration table in a controlled environment for different road and loading conditions and compared the data with simulated ones. This paper present the work performed so far and our conclusions.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-MOP082  
About • paper received ※ 18 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 29 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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MOP094 Design Strategy of the PIP-II Cryomodules cryomodule, cavity, vacuum, cryogenics 307
 
  • V. Roger, S.K. Chandrasekaran, D. Passarelli
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: This manuscript has been authored by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359 with the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of High Energy Physics
The Proton Improvement Plan II (PIP-II) is the first U.S. accelerator project that will have significant contributions from international partners. Research institutions in India, Italy, UK and France will build major components of the particle accelerator. The High Beta 650 MHz (HB650) prototype cryomodule is being designed jointly between Fermilab (USA), CEA (France), STFC (UK) and RRCAT (India). The assembly of this prototype cryomodule will be done at Fermilab whereas the production cryomodules will be assembled in UK. Concerning the Low Beta 650 MHz (LB650) cryomodules, they will be designed and assembled at CEA. To reduce the cost of the project and to increase the quality it is essential to define a design strategy for each cryomodule which includes a degree of standardization. In this way, the lessons learned of each prototype cryomodule will have a great impact not only on one cryomodule type but on all cryomodules. An international joint design brings also additional challenges to the project: which unit system should be used? Should a common project lifecycle management system be used for all partners? How to transport the cryomodules overseas.
 
poster icon Poster MOP094 [1.117 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-MOP094  
About • paper received ※ 21 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUFUB8 CVD Coated Copper Substrate SRF Cavity Research at Cornell University cavity, SRF, niobium, target 381
 
  • M. Ge, T. Gruber, J.J. Kaufman, M. Liepe, J.T. Maniscalco, T.E. Oseroff, R.D. Porter, Z. Sun
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • V.M. Arrieta, S.R. McNeal
    Ultramet, Pacoima, California, USA
 
  Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is a promising alternative to conventional sputter techniques for coating copper substrate cavities with high-quality superconducting films. Through multiple SRF-related DOE SBIR projects, Ultramet has developed CVD processes and CVD reactor designs for SRF cavities, and Cornell University has conducted extensive RF testing of CVD coated surfaces. Here we report results from thin-film CVD Nb3Sn coated copper test plates, and for thick-film CVD niobium on copper including full-scale single cell 1.3 GHz copper substrate cavities. Detailed optical inspection and surface characterization show high-quality and well-adhered coatings. No copper contamination is found. The Nb3Sn coated plates have a uniform Nb3Sn coating with a slightly low tin concentration (19 -22%), but a BCS resistance well in agreement with predictions. The CVD Nb coatings on copper plates demonstrate excellent adhesion characteristics and exceeded surface fields of 50 mT without showing signs of a strong Q-slope that is frequently observed in sputtered Nb cavities. Multiple single-cell 1.3 GHz copper cavities have been coated to date at Ultramet, and results from RF testing of these are presented and discussed.  
slides icon Slides TUFUB8 [12.488 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUFUB8  
About • paper received ※ 01 July 2019       paper accepted ※ 05 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUP014 Mechanical Design and Fabrication Aspects of Prototype SSR2 Jacketed Cavities cavity, SRF, cryomodule, electron 424
 
  • M. Parise, D. Passarelli, F. Ruiu
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • P. Duchesne, D. Longuevergne, D. Reynet
    IPN, Orsay, France
 
  A total of 35 Superconducting SSR2 spoke cavities will be installed in the PIP II SRF linac at Fermilab and a total of 8 prototype SSR2 cavities will be manufactured for the prototype cryomodule. In this paper, the mechanical design and fabrication aspects of the prototype jacketed SSR2 cavity will be presented. RF and mechanical design activities were conducted in parallel directly on the jacketed cavity in order to minimize the number of design iterations. Also, the lessons learned from other spoke cavities experiences (i.e. SSR1 at Fermilab and ESS double spoke at IPNO) were considered since the early stage of the design.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUP014  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUP083 Performance of the 650 MHz SRF Cavity Tuner for PIP II Project cavity, SRF, cryomodule, resonance 652
 
  • Y.M. Pischalnikov, S.K. Chandrasekaran, S. Cheban, I.V. Gonin, T.N. Khabiboulline, V.P. Yakovlev, J.C. Yun
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • C. Contreras-Martinez
    FRIB, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
 
  The PIP-II linac will include fifty seven 650MHz SRF cavities. Each cavity will be equipped with tuner for coarse and fine frequency tuning. Design and operations parameters will be discussed. Results from room temperature tests with prototype tuner installed on a 650MHz ’G=0.90 elliptical cavity will be presented.  
poster icon Poster TUP083 [1.567 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUP083  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 02 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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THFUA6 Nb3Sn Films for SRF Cavities: Genesis and RF Properties cavity, niobium, SRF, experiment 810
 
  • U. Pudasaini, M.J. Kelley
    The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia, USA
  • J.W. Angle, M.J. Kelley, J. Tuggle
    Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, USA
  • G.V. Eremeev, M.J. Kelley, C.E. Reece
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: Partially authored by Jefferson Science Associates under contract no. DE¬AC05¬06OR23177. Supported by Office of High Energy Physics under grants DE-SC-0014475 to the College of William and DE-SC-0018918 to Virginia Tech.
Understanding of Nb3Sn nucleation and growth is essential to the progress with Nb3Sn vapor diffusion coatings of SRF cavities. Samples representing different stages of Nb3Sn formation have been produced and examined to elucidate the effects of nucleation, growth, process conditions, and impurities. Nb3Sn films from few hundreds of nm up to ~15 µm were grown and characterized using AFM, SEM/EDS, XPS, EBSD, SIMS, and SAM. Microscopic examinations of samples suggest the mechanisms behind Nb3Sn thin film nucleation and growth. RF measurements of coated cavities were combined with material characterization of witness samples to adapt the coating process in "Siemens" coating configuration. Understanding obtained from sample studies, applied to cavities, resulted in Nb3Sn cavity with quality factor 2 ×1010 at 15 MV/m accelerating gradient at 4 K, without "Wuppertal" Q-slope. We discuss the genesis of the Nb3Sn thin film in a typical tin vapor diffusion process, and its consequences to the coating of SRF cavities.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-THFUA6  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 29 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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THP009 Pulse Laser Annealing of Niobium Film on Copper for SRF Cavities laser, niobium, cavity, experiment 848
 
  • Y. Yang, X.Y. Lu, W.W. Tan, L. Xiao, D. Xie, L. Zhu
    PKU, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  Thin film cavities were proposed as the most promis-ing next generation superconducting cavities. The chal-lenges are improving the surface superconducting per-formance and reducing defects of the coating film, which can be greatly solved by laser annealing. Laser annealing system has been set up in Peking University, and experi-ments with niobium thin film sample have been carried out. Superconducting performance and other properties of Nb/Cu samples before and after annealing were com-pared. Recrystallization happened and surface structure improved a lot according to the results.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-THP009  
About • paper received ※ 22 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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THP017 Crystallographic Characterization of Nb3Sn Coatings and N-Doped Niobium via EBSD and SIMS niobium, SRF, electron, cavity 871
 
  • J.W. Angle, M.J. Kelley, J. Tuggle
    Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, USA
  • G.V. Eremeev, M.J. Kelley, C.E. Reece
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • M.J. Kelley, U. Pudasaini
    The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia, USA
 
  Historically, niobium has been used as the superconducting material in SRF cavities. Due the high operational costs, other materials are currently being considered. Nb3Sn coatings have been investigated over the past several decades, motivated by potentially higher operating temperatures. More recently niobium has been doped with nitrogen to improve the quality factor (Q). Currently, a need for better understanding still exists for both mechanisms. EBSD has been shown to be a viable technique to determine the crystallographic orientation and the size of the Nb3Sn grains. The EBSD maps obtained show a bimodal distribution of grain sizes with smaller Nb3Sn grains found present near the Nb3Sn/Nb interface. In addition to the Nb3Sn coatings, N-doped niobium coupons were analyzed by EBSD and found that the coupon had preferred surface orientation. The EBSD analysis was found to be vital as specific grains could be targeted in SIMS to better understand the diffusion of nitrogen with respect to crystal orientation.  
poster icon Poster THP017 [2.571 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-THP017  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 29 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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THP078 CERN’s SRF Test Stand for Cavity Performance Measurements cavity, controls, LLRF, operation 1082
 
  • N. Stapley, J. Bastard, M.R. Coly, A.E. Ivanov, A. Macpherson, N.C. Shipman, K. Turaj
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • I. Ben-Zvi
    BNL, Upton, New York, USA
  • A. Castilla
    Cockcroft Institute, Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom
  • K. Hernandez-Chahin
    Universidad de Guanajuato, División de Ciencias e Ingenierías, León, Mexico
  • M. Wartak, A. Zwozniak
    IFJ-PAN, Kraków, Poland
 
  Recent deployment of a digital LLRF system within the cavity testing framework of CERN’s vertical test cryostats has permitted a full revamp of cavity performance validation. With both full continuous and pulse mode operation, steady state a transient RF behaviour can be effectively probed. Due to direct and integrated control and monitoring of environmental test conditions, standard and novel RF measurement procedures have been developed and integrated into the testing infrastructure, along with a coherent data flow of high granularity measurement data. We present an overview of this cavity measurement system and address the underlying architectural structure, data handling and integration of user interfaces. In addition we highlight the benefits of variety of RF cavity measurements that can now be accommodated in our large 2 K cryostats.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-THP078  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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THP088 Updates on the Inspection System for SRF Cavities cavity, controls, superconducting-cavity, GUI 1111
 
  • Y. Iwashita, H. Tongu
    Kyoto ICR, Uji, Kyoto, Japan
  • H. Hayano
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • Y. Kuriyama
    Kyoto University, Research Reactor Institute, Osaka, Japan
 
  Optical inspections on superconducting cavities are familiar to those who are involved in the cavity fabrications. Further improvements on the Kyoto Camera have been carried out these years together with further processing technique developments, such as removing found defects by local grinding techniques. Improvements on Kyoto Camera includes implementation of color LEDs for illumination system, which improves the inspection efficiency. These progresses will be reported.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-THP088  
About • paper received ※ 02 July 2019       paper accepted ※ 03 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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THP091 Upgrade of the Fermilab Spoke Test Cryostat for Testing of PIP-II 650 MHz 5-Cell Elliptical Cavities cavity, vacuum, MMI, cryogenics 1124
 
  • A.I. Sukhanov, S.K. Chandrasekaran, B.M. Hanna, T.H. Nicol, J.P. Ozelis, Y.M. Pischalnikov, D. Plant, O.V. Prokofiev, O.V. Pronitchev, V. Roger, W. Schappert, I. Terechkine, V.P. Yakovlev
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • C. Contreras-Martinez
    FRIB, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
 
  Design of the high beta 650 MHz prototype cryomodule for PIP-II is currently undergoing at Fermilab. The cryomodule includes six 5-cell elliptical SRF cavities with accelerating voltage up to 20 MV and low heat dissipation (Q0 > 3·10zEhNZeHn). Characterization of performance of fully integrated jacketed cavities with high power coupler and tuner is crucial for the project. Such a characterization of jacketed cavity requires a horizontal test cryostat. Existing horizontal testing facilities at Fermilab, Horizontal Test Stand (HTS) and Spoke Test Cryostat (STC), are not large enough to accommodate jacketed 650 MHz 5-cell cavity. An upgrade of the STC is proposed to install extension to the cryostat and modify cryogenic connections and RF infrastructure to provide testing of 650 MHz cavities. In this paper we describe STC upgrade and commissioning of the upgraded facility. We discuss mitigation of issues and problems specific for testing of high Q0 650 MHz cavities, which require low residual magnetic field and low acoustic and mechanical vibrations environment.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-THP091  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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FRCAB8 Systematic Studies of the Second Sound Method for Quench Detection of Superconducting Radio Frequency Cavities cavity, simulation, radio-frequency, diagnostics 1239
 
  • L. Steder, B. Bein, D. Reschke
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • W. Hillert
    University of Hamburg, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Hamburg, Germany
 
  DESY conducts R&D for SRF cavities, part of the manifold activities are vertical performance tests. Besides the determination of accelerating gradient and quality factor, additional sensors and diagnostic methods are used to obtain more information about the cavity behaviour and the test environment. The second sound system is a tool for spatially resolved quench detection via oscillating super-leak transducers, they record the second sound wave, generated by the quench of the superconducting Niobium. The mounting of the sensors was improved to reduce systematic uncertainties and results of a recent master thesis are presented in the following. Different reconstruction methods are used to determine the origin of the waves. The precision, constraints and limits of these are compared. To introduce an external reference and to qualify the different methods a calibration tool was used. It injects short heat pulses to resistors at exact known space and time coordinates. Results obtained by the different algorithms and measurements with the calibration tool are presented with an emphasis on the possible spatial resolution and the estimation of systematic uncertainties of the methods.  
slides icon Slides FRCAB8 [3.039 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-FRCAB8  
About • paper received ※ 21 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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