SRF Technology - Cryomodule
cryomodule assembly
Paper Title Page
TUP092 Experiences of Superconducting Radio Frequency Coldmass Production for the FRIB Linear Accelerator 675
 
  • K. Elliott, B.W. Barker, C. Donald, E.S. Metzgar, L. Popielarski, D.R. Victory, J.D. Whaley, M.S. Wilbur
    FRIB, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
 
  Funding: *Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science under Cooperative Agreement DE-SC0000661 and the National Science Foundation under Cooperative Agreement PHY-1102511.
The superconducting radio frequency (SRF) portion of the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) linear accelerator consists of 46 cryomodules of 6 different types. Each cryomodule contains a coldmass consisting of a string of SRF resonators. There are four different types of resonators; a β=0.041 quarter wavelength resonator (QWR), a β=0.085 QWR, a β=0.29 half wavelength resonator (HWR), and a β=0.53 HWR. In total there are 324 SRF resonators in the FRIB linear accelerator. This paper provides a summary of experiences from the assembly of all FRIB coldmass types in a clean room environment.
 
poster icon Poster TUP092 [1.481 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUP092  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 14 August 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUP094 Improvements to LCLS-II Cryomodule Transportation 684
 
  • N.A. Huque, E. Daly, P.D. Owen
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • B.D. Hartsell, J.P. Holzbauer
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  The Linear Coherent Light Source (LCLS-II) is currently being constructed at the SLAC National Laboratory. A total of 35 cryomodules will be fabricated at Jefferson Lab (JLab) in Virginia and Fermi National Laboratory (FNAL) in Illinois and transported via road to SLAC. A shipping frame with an inner bed isolated by springs was designed to protect the CMs from shocks and vibrations during shipments. Successful road testing of the JLab prototype paved the way for production CM shipments. The initial production shipments lead to several catastrophic failures in beamline vacuum in the cryomodules. The failures were determined to be due to fatigue in Fundamental Power Coupler (FPC) bellows due to excessive motion during shipment. A series of instrumented CM shipping tests and component tests were undertaken to develop a solution. A modified spring layout was tested and implemented, which reduced shocks on the CMs. FPC coupler bellows restraints were tested on a shaker table and on a CM during shipping; they were able to reduce bellows motion by a factor of three. The updated shipping system is currently in use and has successfully delivered six cryomodules to SLAC from JLab and FNAL.  
poster icon Poster TUP094 [0.958 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUP094  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 01 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUP095 Lessons Learned Assembling the SSR1 Cavities String for PIP-II 690
 
  • D. Passarelli, D.J. Bice, M. Parise, T.J. Ring, G. Wu
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • S. Berry
    CEA-DRF-IRFU, France
 
  The string assembly of the prototype Single Spoke Resonator type 1 (SSR1) cryomodule for PIP-II at Fermilab was successfully completed. Lessons learned from the preparation, assembly and the quality control activities of the final fully integrated assembly will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUP095  
About • paper received ※ 28 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 29 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUP096 Optimization of Clean Room Infrastructure and Procedure During LCLS-II Cryomodule Production at Fermilab 695
 
  • G. Wu, S.D. Adams, T.T. Arkan, M.A. Battistoni, D.J. Bice, M.B. Chlebek, E.R. Harms, B.M. Kuhn, A.M. Rowe
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • S. Berry, O. Napoly
    CEA-DRF-IRFU, France
 
  Funding: The work is supported by Fermilab which is operated by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359 with the United States Department of Energy.
Optimization of Fermilab string assembly procedure and infrastructure has yielded a significant improvement of cryomodule particulate counts. Late production of LCLS-II cryomodules were tested at CMTF at Fermilab and showed little to no x-ray up to administrative limit. The paper describes the field emission measurement instrumentation, field emission results of LCLS-II cyomodules, clean room infrastructure upgrade and procedure optimization.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUP096  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUP098 Preparation for the Advanced Demonstrator Testing at GSI 698
 
  • V. Gettmann, K. Aulenbacher, W.A. Barth, F.D. Dziuba, M. Heilmann, T. Kürzeder, S. Lauber, J. List, M. Miski-Oglu, S. Yaramyshev
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • K. Aulenbacher, W.A. Barth, F.D. Dziuba, T. Kürzeder, S. Lauber, J. List, M. Miski-Oglu
    HIM, Mainz, Germany
  • K. Aulenbacher, F.D. Dziuba, S. Lauber
    IKP, Mainz, Germany
  • M. Basten, H. Podlech, M. Schwarz
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
 
  The superconducting (sc) heavy ion Helmholtz Linear Accelerator (HELIAC) is under development at GSI. As a first step, the cw-Linac demonstrator was the first part for the proposed cw-LINAC@GSI. A superconducting CH-cavity, embedded by two superconducting solenoids has been tested with beam in 2017/2018 successfully. The sc CH-structure, designed at Goethe-University of Frankfurt, is the key component and offers a variety of research and development. As a next step the first cryostat of the HELIAC, the so called Advanced Demonstrator will be tested in the same testing environment at GSI. Therefore, a bigger concrete Bunker as well as the connection to the cryo plant is under development. The cold string was assembled in a rehabilitated clean room at GSI. For future clean room assemblies a fully equipped clean room is under preparation at Helmholtz-Institut Mainz. The mechanical suspension, composed of hanging components on crossed steel ropes, is a reliable concept to prevent the displacement during cool down. The cryogenic systems as well as all other mechanical tasks were solved. These and the future Advanced Demonstrator preparation will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUP098  
About • paper received ※ 22 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 01 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUP099 Particulate Sampling and Analysis During Refurbishment of Prototype European XFEL Cryomodule 701
 
  • N. Krupka, C. Bate, D. Reschke, S. Saegebarth, M. Schalwat, P. Schilling, S. Sievers
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Funding: This work was supported by the Helmholtz Association within the topic Accelerator Research and Development (ARD) of the Matter and Tech-nologies (MT) Program.
The cryomodule PXFEL31 is one of three prototype cryomodules for the European XFEL. In preparation of the series module assembly it was used for the qualification of infrastructure and personnel at CEA Saclay. After transport and tests at DESY the cryomodule was stored for several years. Last year we decided to refurbish this module with new cavities for the installation in the FLASH accelerator. During the disassembly of the cavity string in the clean room at DESY we took several particulate samples for analysis. Optical and laser optical microscopy give us an insight on the quantity and type of the particulates. We expect to get hints where the particulates come from and how they are transported through the cavity string during transport and operation.
 
poster icon Poster TUP099 [2.599 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUP099  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 03 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUP100 Thermal Load Studies on the Photocathode Insert with Exchangeable Plug for the BERLinPro SRF-Photoinjector 705
SUSP039   use link to see paper's listing under its alternate paper code  
 
  • J. Kühn, N. Al-Saokal, M. Bürger, M. Dirsat, A. Frahm, A. Jankowiak, T. Kamps, G. Klemz, S. Mistry, A. Neumann, H. Plötz
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
 
  For the operation of an SRF photoinjector a well-functioning and efficient cooling system of the photocathode is necessary. A test experiment was set up of the photocathode cooling system based on the original components, which we call thermal contact experiment (TCX). We present the results of our thermal load studies on the photocathode insert with exchangeable photocathode plug. The goal was to test all components before they are installed in the cold string of the BERLinPro SRF-Photoinjector to ensure the operation of very sensitive semiconductor photocathodes. The tests include the investigation of the cooling performance, the thermal load management and the mechanical stability of the photocathode insert.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUP100  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUP101 LCLS-II Cryomodules Production Experience and Lessons Learned at Fermilab 709
 
  • T.T. Arkan, J.N. Blowers, C.M. Ginsburg, C.J. Grimm, J.A. Kaluzny, T.H. Nicol, Y.O. Orlov, K.S. Premo, R.P. Stanek, G. Wu
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  LCLS-II is a planned upgrade project for the linear coherent light source (LCLS) at SLAC. The LCLS-II Linac will consist of thirty-five 1.3 GHz and two 3.9 GHz superconducting RF continuous wave (CW) cryomodules that Fermilab and Jefferson Lab are currently producing in collaboration with SLAC. The LCLS-II 1.3 GHz cryomodule design is based on the European XFEL pulsed-mode cryomodule design with modifications needed for CW operation. Two prototype cryomodules had been assembled and tested. After prototype cryomodule tests, both laboratories have increased their cryomodule production rate to meet the challenging LCLS-II project installation schedule requirements of approximately one cryomodule per month per laboratory. To date, Fermilab has completed the assembly and testing of sixteen 1.3 GHz cryomodules. Fermilab has successfully shipped five CMs to SLAC and will continue to ship with a two-week throughput. The first 3.9 GHz cryomodule assembly is scheduled to start in June 2019; production readiness verifications are in progress. This paper presents LCLS-II cryomodule assembly and production experience, emphasizing the challenges, the mitigations and lessons learned  
poster icon Poster TUP101 [0.834 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUP101  
About • paper received ※ 20 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUP102 Superconducting Harmonic Cavity for Bunch Lengthening in the APS Upgrade 715
 
  • M.P. Kelly, Z.A. Conway, M. Kedzie, S.W.T. MacDonald, T. Reid, U. Wienands, G.P. Zinkann
    ANL, Lemont, Illinois, USA
 
  A superconducting cavity based Bunch Lengthening System is under construction for the Argonne’s Advanced Photon Source (APS) Upgrade. The system will reduce the undesirable effects of Touschek scattering on the beam lifetime by providing bunch lengthening in the longitudinal direction by 2-4 times. The major technical components for the beam-driven 1.4 GHz fourth harmonic superconducting cryomodule are in hand and have been tested. These include a superconducting cavity, cw rf power couplers, a pneumatic cavity slow tuner and beamline higher-order mode absorbers. Initial assembly and engineering testing of the cryomodule is underway. Final integrated testing will be complete in 2021. Transportation to and commissioning in the APS is planned for 2022-23.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUP102  
About • paper received ※ 08 July 2019       paper accepted ※ 12 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUP103 Pansophy Data as Used to Develop Metrics and Evaluate Trends Across SRF Projects and Facilities to Further Quality Improvement Initiatives 718
 
  • M.G. McDonald, V.D. Bookwalter, M. Dickey, E.A. McEwen
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Pansophy, a JLAB SRF engineering data management system (EDMS), is composed of a collection of technolo-gies that together provide for the collection, management and analysis of data for the production and testing of cavities and cryomodules. From its inception in 2000, when data collection was a priority for such projects as SNS, CEBAF 12GeV upgrade, LCLS-II, and in the future the SNS-PPU, the focus has turned to data analysis and reporting on quality metrics and key performance indica-tors (KPIs). Reporting enhancements include monthly quality metrics, project specific KPIs, and trending across projects. With the use of Pareto Charts to help analyze vendor quality and non-conformance, timelines of pro-ject and facility metrics, project managers and subject matter experts (SME) are able to look for trends and pre-pare further quality improvement initiatives for their projects.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUP103  
About • paper received ※ 20 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUP104 Improvement of a Clean Assembly Work for Superconducting RF Cryomodule and Its Application to the KEK-STF Cryomodule 721
 
  • H. Sakai, E. Kako, T. Konomi, K. Umemori, Y. Yamamoto
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • T. Ebisawa, A. Kasugai
    QST, Aomori, Japan
 
  We usually encountered the degradation of the superconducting RF cavities on the cryomodule test even though the performance of these cavities was good on the vertical test. In reality, the degradation of Q-values of two cavities of cERL main-linac were observed after cryomodule assembly in KEK [1] and STF cryomodule also met the degradation after the cryomodule assembly [2]. Some dusts and invisible particles might enter the cavity and generate field emission during the assembly work. Field emission is the most important cause of this degradation. In this paper, first we introduce some trials for the improved clean assembly work to SRF cavity by re-examining our clean assembly work and vacuum work. For example, slow pumping system with vacuum particle monitor was developed to know and control the particle movement during slow pumping and venting. Next we show the application of this improved work to the STF re-assemble cryomodule work in KEK.
[1} H. Sakai et al., SRF’13, Paris, France, p.855, 2013.
[2] Y. Yamamoto et al., IPAC’16, Busan, Korea, p.2158, 2016.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUP104  
About • paper received ※ 20 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUP105 Preparation of the Cryomodule Assembly for the Linear IFMIF Prototype Accelerator (LIPAc) in Rokkasho 726
 
  • T. Ebisawa, A. Kasugai, K. Kondo, S. Maebara, K. Sakamoto
    QST, Aomori, Japan
  • N. Bazin, S. Berry
    CEA-DRF-IRFU, France
  • P. Cara
    IFMIF/EVEDA, Rokkasho, Japan
  • H. Dzitko, G. Phillips
    F4E, Germany
  • E. Kako, H. Sakai, K. Umemori
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  The staged installation and commissioning of LIPAc is ongoing at Rokkasho Fusion Institute of QST, Japan for validating the low energy section of the IFMIF deuteron accelerator up to 9 MeV. The LIPAc Superconducting Radio Frequency accelerator (SRF) cryomodule is assembled under the responsibility of the EU Home Team, and the assembly work recently started at Rokkasho in March 2019. To fulfil the cleanliness requirements for the assembly process, QST took the responsibility to prepare the infrastructure of a cleanroom and associated devices. In this present paper, the details of the preparation work for the cryomodule assembly made by QST will be presented.  
poster icon Poster TUP105 [2.116 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUP105  
About • paper received ※ 17 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 01 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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WETEA3 Status of the IFMIF/EVEDA Superconducting Linac 735
 
  • N. Bazin, G. Devanz, H. Jenhani, O. Piquet
    CEA-DRF-IRFU, France
  • S. Chel
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • T. Ebisawa
    QST, Aomori, Japan
  • G. Phillips
    F4E, Germany
  • D. Regidor, F. Toral
    CIEMAT, Madrid, Spain
 
  The IFMIF accelerator aims to provide an accelerator-based D-Li neutron source to produce high intensity high energy neutron flux to test samples as possible candidate materials to a full lifetime of fusion energy reactors. A prototype of the low energy part of the accelerator (LIPAc) is under construction at Rokkasho Fusion Institute in Japan. It includes one cryomodule containing 8 half-wave resonators (HWR) operating at 175 MHz and eight focusing solenoids. The talk will cover the progress of developments in the IFMIF/EVEDA cryomodule: the qualification of 8 cavities, the RF conditioning results of 8 high-power couplers, the manufacturing and test of the 8 superconducting solenoids and the equivalent operational equivalent tests performed at Saclay. The assembling status of the cryomodule at Rokkasho site will also be presented.  
slides icon Slides WETEA3 [11.091 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-WETEA3  
About • paper received ※ 20 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 29 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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WETEB2 Identifying Specific Cryomodule and Cleanroom Particulate Contamination: Understanding Legacy Issues and Providing New Feedback Standards 758
 
  • C.E. Reece, J.K. Spradlin, O. Trofimova, A-M. Valente-Feliciano
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: Authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U.S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177.
While the techniques used to provide "UHV clean" and "particle-free" beamline components, including SRF cavities, continue to evolve, "real-world" operating machines must deal with actual accumulated and latent contamination issues that produce non-trivial cryogenic heatload, radiation, activation, and degradation via field emission. We have developed a standardized and automated particulate contamination assay method for use in characterizing particulates found on beamline components and in cleanroom assembly environments. We present results from using this system to analyze samples taken from reworked cryomodules from CEBAF. Particle sizes are much larger than anticipated. Utility for feedback on sources to enable improved source reduction is explored.
 
slides icon Slides WETEB2 [13.320 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-WETEB2  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 02 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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