Author: Sergatskov, D.A.
Paper Title Page
MOP031 Investigation of Frequency Behavior Near Tc of Niobium Superconducting Radio-Frequency Cavities 112
SUSP016   use link to see paper's listing under its alternate paper code  
 
  • D. Bafia, J. Zasadzinski
    IIT, Chicago, Illinois, USA
  • D. Bafia, M. Checchin, A. Grassellino, O.S. Melnychuk, A.S. Romanenko, D.A. Sergatskov
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  This paper will present a systematic investigation of the resonant frequency behavior of niobium SRF cavities subject to different surface processing (nitrogen doping, nitrogen infusion, 120°C bake, EP, etc.) near the critical transition temperature. We find features occurring in frequency versus temperature (FvsT) data near Tc that seem to vary with surface processing. Emphasis is placed on one of the observed features: a dip in the superconducting resonant frequency below the normal conducting value which is prominent in nitrogen doped cavities and appears to be a signature of nitrogen doping. This gives further insights on the mechanisms responsible for the large increase in performance of cavities subject to this surface treatment. The magnitude of this dip in frequency is studied and related to possible physical parameters such as the concentration of impurities near the surface and the design resonant frequency of the cavity. A possible explanation for the meaning of this dip is discussed, namely, that it is a result of strong coupling between electrons and phonons within the resonator.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-MOP031  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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MOP051 3.9 GHz SRF Production Cavities for LCLS-II 173
 
  • S. Aderhold, A. Burrill
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • D.J. Bice, C.M. Ginsburg, C.J. Grimm, T.N. Khabiboulline, O.S. Melnychuk, D.A. Sergatskov, N. Solyak, G. Wu
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: This work was supported by the US DOE and the LCLS-II Project.
The main part of the SRF linac for the Linac Coherent Light Source II (LCLS-II) at SLAC will consist of 35 cryomodules with superconducting RF cavities operating at 1.3 GHz. In addition, two cryomodules with 3.9 GHz cavities will be installed and help to linearize the longitudinal phase space of the beam. During the design verification phase, four prototype 9-cell 3.9 GHz cavities had been built by industry and then processed, including chemical surface removal and heat treatment, and tested at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. Based on the resulting cavity treatment recipe, 24 cavities (for two cryomodules to be installed in the linac and one spare cryomodule) have been built by industry and tested at Fermilab prior to cryomodule string assembly. We present an overview of the cavity production and the results of the vertical acceptance tests for the LCLS-II 3.9 GHz cavities.
 
poster icon Poster MOP051 [1.015 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-MOP051  
About • paper received ※ 02 July 2019       paper accepted ※ 03 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUFUA4 New Insights on Nitrogen Doping 347
 
  • D. Bafia, J. Zasadzinski
    IIT, Chicago, Illinois, USA
  • D. Bafia, M. Checchin, A. Grassellino, O.S. Melnychuk, A.S. Romanenko, D.A. Sergatskov
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  This paper covers a systematic study of the quench in nitrogen doped cavities: a cavity was sequentially treated/reset with different N-doping recipes which are known to produce different levels of quench field. Analysis of cavity heating profiles using TMAP are used to gain insight on the origins of quench; new recipes demonstrate the possibility to increase quench fields well beyond 30 MV/m. In addition, a new signature of nitrogen doping is explored, namely, a dip in the superconducting resonant frequency below the normal conducting value just below the critical transition temperature, giving further insights on the mechanisms responsible for the large increase in performance of cavities subject to this surface treatment.  
slides icon Slides TUFUA4 [3.097 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUFUA4  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 03 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUP057 Study of Flux Trapping Variability between Batches of Tokyo Denkai Niobium used for the LCLS-II Project and Subsequent 9-cell RF Loss Distribution between the Batches 570
 
  • A.D. Palczewski
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • D. Gonnella
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • O.S. Melnychuk, D.A. Sergatskov
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: Authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U.S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177.
During the LCLS-II project a second batch of niobium was procured from Tokyo Denkai Co Ltd in order to make additional cavities. The original production material came from Two vendors Tokyo Denkai Co., Ltd. (TD) and Ningxia Orient Tantalum Industry Co., Ltd. (OTIC/NX)). It was found TD niobium required a lower annealing temperature (900°C) to obtain satisfactory flux expulsion characteristics compared to NX which required a slightly higher annealing temperature (950°-975°C). In order to ensure the new TD material performed equivalent to the niobium produced 4 year before after 900°C annealing; each heat lot of niobium had its flux expulsion characteristics parametrized and custom thermal treatments developed for each lot. Subsequent pure heat lot 9 cell cavities were made and tested. We will look at the flux expulsion characteristics of each lot, and RF loss of the 9-cell cavities produced using the individual heat lots.
 
poster icon Poster TUP057 [1.446 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUP057  
About • paper received ※ 25 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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TUP062 New Insights in the Quench Mechanisms in Nitrogen Doped Cavities 592
 
  • D. Bafia, J. Zasadzinski
    IIT, Chicago, Illinois, USA
  • D. Bafia, D.J. Bice, A. Grassellino, O.S. Melnychuk, A.S. Romanenko, D.A. Sergatskov
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • D. Gonnella
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • A.D. Palczewski
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  This paper will cover a systematic study of the quench in nitrogen doped cavities: three cavities were sequentially treated/reset with different doping recipes which are known to produce different levels of quench field. Analysis of mean free path and TMAP coupled with sample analysis reveals new insights on the physics of the premature quench in nitrogen doped cavities; new recipes demonstrate the possibility to increase quench fields well beyond 30 MV/m.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-TUP062  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 02 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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THFUB1 Nb3Sn at Fermilab: Exploring Performance 818
 
  • S. Posen, J. Lee, O.S. Melnychuk, Y.M. Pischalnikov, D.A. Sergatskov, B. Tennis
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • J. Lee, D.N. Seidman
    NU, Evanston, Illinois, USA
 
  Fermilab’s Nb3Sn coating program produced its first 1.3 GHz single cell cavities in early 2017 and since then has explored the performance of Nb3Sn on a wide variety of cavity substrates and performed microscopic studies down to atomic resolution. Results to present in this talk include a study of frequency dependence from 650 MHz to 1.3 GHz of BCS resistance, residual resistance, and magnetic flux sensitivity. We show microscopic studies performed in collaboration with Northwestern University’s Materials Science and Engineering Department of limitation mechanisms in Nb3Sn, including thin film regions and tin segregation at grain boundaries, discussing correlations with RF performance and mechanisms for the formation of these features during growth. Finally, we present results of the first 1.3 GHz 9-cell cavity coated with Nb3Sn.  
slides icon Slides THFUB1 [27.194 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-THFUB1  
About • paper received ※ 29 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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FRCAA3 Industrial Cavity Production: Lessons Learned to Push the Boundaries of Nitrogen-Doping 1199
 
  • D. Gonnella, S. Aderhold, A. Burrill, M.C. Ross
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • E. Daly, G.K. Davis, F. Marhauser, A.D. Palczewski, K.M. Wilson
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • A. Grassellino, C.J. Grimm, T.N. Khabiboulline, O.S. Melnychuk, S. Posen, D.A. Sergatskov
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by US DOE Contract DE-AC02-76SF00515.
Nitrogen doping has been proven now in several labs to enhance Q0 values of 1.3 GHz cavities in the gradient domain favored by CW operation. The choice of doping for the LCLS-II project has given the community a wealth of statistics and experience on the challenge of transferring the doping technology to industry. Overall, industry-produced nitrogen-doped cavities have shown excellent performance, however some technical issues have arisen. This talk focuses on lessons learned from the production of over 300 nitrogen-doped cavities for LCLS-II and how issues were mitigated to further improve performance. Finally, I will discuss pushing the boundaries of nitrogen-doping further by exploring different doping regimes in order to maintain excellent Q0 performance, while reaching higher quench fields.
 
slides icon Slides FRCAA3 [16.880 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2019-FRCAA3  
About • paper received ※ 02 July 2019       paper accepted ※ 03 July 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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