Author: Ermakov, A.
Paper Title Page
MOP023 Nitrogen Infusion Sample R&D at DESY 77
SUSP002   use link to see paper's listing under its alternate paper code  
  • C. Bate, A. Dangwal Pandey, A. Ermakov, B. Foster, T.F. Keller, D. Reschke, J. Schaffran, S. Sievers, N. Walker, H. Weise, M. Wenskat
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • W. Hillert
    University of Hamburg, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Hamburg, Germany
  • G.D.L. Semione, V. Vonk
    DESY Nanolab, FS-NL, Hamburg, Germany
  • A. Stierle
    University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
  The European XFEL continuous wave upgrade requires cavities with reduced surface resistance (high Q-values) for high duty cycle while maintaining high accelerating gradient for short-pulse operation. A possible way to meet the requirements is the so-called nitrogen infusion procedure. However, a fundamental understanding and a theoretical model of this method are still missing. The approach shown here is based on sample R&D, with the goal to identify key parameters of the process and establish a stable, reproducible recipe. To understand the underlying processes of the surface evolution, which gives improved cavity performance, advanced surface analysis techniques (e.g. SEM/EDX, TEM, XPS, TOF-SIMS) are utilized. Additionally, a small furnace just for samples was set up to change and explore the parameter space of the infusion recipe. Results of these analyses, their implications for the cavity R&D and next steps are presented.  
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DOI • reference for this paper ※  
About • paper received ※ 23 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
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THP100 Insight into DESY’s Test Laboratory for Niobium Raw Material and Semi-finished Products 1157
  • J.I. Iversen, A. Brinkmann, A. Ermakov, A. Muhs, J. Ziegler
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  DESY has started setting up a test laboratory for niobium more than 20 years ago. The initial application was to assure required surface quality of niobium sheets before its forming to half cells for the 1.3 GHz SRF Tesla shape cavities. As a first test equipment DESY developed a basic eddy current test device which was refined continuously. Since that time the laboratory grew with the requirements on R&D activities for niobium raw material and its semi-finished products. To be able to assure the Quality of niobium products needed for the European XFEL series cavity production, the Lab’s infrastructure was updated significantly. Now the capabilities of the test laboratory cover the investigation of the fundamental physical properties of various materials including for example mechanical properties, surface, microstructure and chemical composition analysis. The Quality Assurance for the European XFEL was performed successfully on an outstanding level and in the meantime the laboratory was used for several other projects like LCLS-II and ESS. We present DESY’s test infrastructure as well as applied methods for the Quality Assurance and R&D activities and we report about experiences.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※  
About • paper received ※ 25 June 2019       paper accepted ※ 30 June 2019       issue date ※ 14 August 2019  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)